Introduction to referencing (6:14)

Hello and welcome to an introductory video on referencing for academic writing.

So what exactly is referencing?

Referencing is a method used to acknowledge when ideas, information, data, words, images or examples from the work of others are included in your academic writing. Referencing is one of the most important ways that students practice academic integrity when writing at university. Academic integrity is about applying the belief that honesty is at the core of exemplary scholarship.

So why is it important to reference?

Firstly, practicing academic integrity is all about acknowledging when we use the work of others and only taking credit for work we create ourselves. This is important to allow others to find sources of evidence to build upon the academic knowledge you have produced. Thirdly it's about acknowledging and showing respect. It's also about validity and credibility so good referencing strengthens your writing. And finally, often at university we are expected to use certain sources for particular pieces of assessment by referencing correctly you prove that you have used these sources and also show your marker the scope of your research.

So what is involved in referencing?

Well, whenever you synthesize or put together information from a number of sources and incorporate it with your own ideas you must acknowledge where all of these ideas came from. The most common writing types that require referencing are paraphrasing or stating an idea in your own words summarizing and direct quotations using the exact words of another person. Secondly, it's very important that you use the appropriate style and format to acknowledge the work of others this is achieved in two different ways within academic writing. In in-text citations which are found within the paragraphs and in real reference list.

So what does referencing look like?

Here's a couple of examples of in-text referencing where the author of the original ideas is acknowledged within the paragraphs it's optional whether you use this information prominent style where the author's name is included in the citation brackets or this author prominent style where the author's name is incorporated into the sentence in a grammatically correct manner. It's best to use a combination of both of these styles in your in-text citations. And for your reference list here we can see the entries for a typical journal article you can see that Harvard and APA entries are included here this is because they are the two most commonly used referencing styles at scu note the difference between the two styles here such as the use of brackets around the year of publication for APA but not for Harvard.

So when is it necessary to use citations in your academic writing?

You must reference every time you use evidence to support your arguments and claims that have come from the literature you have sourced. This includes tables statistics and images, definitions of terms or concepts, quoting summarizing and paraphrasing.

So what's involved in the process?

There are roughly five steps in producing accurate referencing. First you need to identify the style required for your school or unit, then identify the type of source that you are using, third identify and record the required elements from the source and you'll find these required elements in your guides for each style and then it's about entering the required referencing into your assignment. Both in text and in the reference list. And finishing with some editing and double checking this means doing a cross check to ensure that all of your sources cited in your writing are in the reference list and vice versa all of the sources included in your reference list have been cited in text.

I'll show you quickly where to find the SCU referencing guides if you go to the library web page scroll to the bottom to find the quick links you can access the referencing guides through these two links

if you click Libguides it will take you to this page where you can click on the appropriate referencing guide. If you click the referencing link you'll find the referencing guides listed by school. So just scroll through until you find your school and the particular guide that you should be using.

Further resources are available on the student learning zone web page to access the student learning zone click on current students then student learning zone and it will bring you to this home page. From here you can access how to videos on APA and Harvard referencing you can access the quick guides on summarizing and paraphrasing using quotations and other aspects of academic integrity and avoiding plagiarism.

There are also workshops available throughout the session and recordings of previous workshops on avoiding plagiarism and (examples of good) academic writing. Through the student appointments link you can use the ask a question function to ask a learning coach about referencing or submit your assignment for review.

You can also book an appointment to speak directly with a learning coach who can provide advice on referencing and academic integrity. You can also speak directly with the librarian either on campus or through the library chat function if you click on this button from the library webpage this chat window opens up. From here you can ask the librarian for help.

Thank you for watching. All the best with your studies and again please contact the student learning zone or the library if you require any further information on referencing.