How to reference a book in APA 7th style (6:13)

Hi everyone, and welcome to this short video. Today we’ll talk about how to write a reference for a book using APA 7th style.

In this video, we’ll learn how to write a reference for whole authored books for different editions of
books and for edited books.

Now in APA7th style, ebooks are treated the same as print books – and to create your reference entry correctly, you’ll need the following elements:

“….the publisher name plus any applicable DOI or URL” A DOI, or digital object identifier is a unique link that helps readers easily locate online content.

Notice that the publisher location is no longer included in APA 7th style.

So let’s take a look at what a reference entry for a book looks like in APA 7th style.

So, here’s an example of the basic format we use for referencing a book.

We invert the names so that the authors’ last name comes first, followed by a comma, and the initials. Where the author has two initials, we leave a space between the initials and all the initials are punctuated with a full stop. After the last initial we have the year of publication in round brackets followed by a full stop.

Then we have the title of the book, which you can see is in italics and sentence case. Sentence case just means that only the first word of the title is capitalised. Then we have any relevant edition information which is in abbreviated form and contained within round brackets. And then the publisher name followed by a full stop, plus any relevant DOI or URL. Notice that there is no full stop after the DOI or URL.

So, let’s see how this format fits with a real example.

So here’s an example using an actual book. You can see that the author name is inverted so that the last name comes first, followed by a comma and the initial, which is punctuated with a full stop. Then we have the year of publication in round brackets, followed by a full stop.

The THIRD element is the title of the book. As you can see, the title is in italics and in sentence case. Note that when there is a two-part title like this one, capitalise the first word of the second part of the title.

Next, we have the name of the publisher followed by a full stop. We would include a DOI here if one was available.

Now, this book is from an academic research database, so we can end the reference after the publisher name; we don’t include the publisher location. But if we were citing an ebook that was not from an academic research database, then we would include a URL.

Now, what if we were citing a book that was in a later edition than the first edition? Let’s take a look…

Here is an example of a reference for a book in its fifth edition.

Notice that all the elements follow the same pattern as our previous example, only in this case, the author is the American Psychiatric Association. Again, the year of publication is contained in round brackets followed by a full stop. The title of the work comes next, in italics, and you can see after the title, in brackets, we have the edition information.

The edition information is abbreviated– you can see we have “fifth edition” in abbreviated form, with a lower case “ed” standing for “edition”. This edition information is contained within round brackets and followed with a full stop.

Now, you might notice that the publisher name is missing from this reference entry. Well, in this particular case, the publisher is the same as the author. In APA 7th style, when the publisher is the same as the author, we do not include the publisher name. So you can see here that we have omitted the publisher name, and ended the reference with the DOI.

Notice that the DOI is presented as a hyperlink, and this is the correct way to present DOI’s when using APA 7th style.

Here is an example of a reference for an edited book.

Again, we can see same basic format as our previous examples, only in this case, the names and initials are those of the editors. After the names, we have the abbreviation for the word “editors”. Notice that the abbreviation for editors is denoted by a capital “E”, and is punctuated by a full stop, and contained within round brackets. This brackets are followed by a full stop before the year of publication. Then, we have the title of the book, which is in italics and sentence case.

Notice that this reference includes the publisher name, and includes a DOI, like our previous example.

A final point: remember that when constructing your reference list, the heading “references” should be in the centre and in bold. Your entries should be in alphabetical order based on the author surnames. Your entries should be doubled spaced, without extra spacing between, and should have a hanging indent. Lastly, make sure that all works cited in-text of your assignment also appear in your reference list.

So now you now how to reference books using APA 7th style. We hope this short video has been helpful. You can find more information about referencing on SCU’s referencing homepage, or you can contact your SCU librarian, or one of the Learning Experience Team who would be happy to help you.

Referencing a journal article in APA 7th style (3:21)

Hello and welcome to this short video on how to construct a reference for a journal article in APA 7th.

In order to do this we're going to need the following bits of information. We're going to need the author's name or names, the year of publications the title of both the article and the journal that it appears in, we're going to need the volume number the issue number, the page range and the doi otherwise known as the digital object identifier.

So this is the format that we use for a journal article.

This is found on the APA 7th lib guide so let's see how this would look with an example of a journal article. So here is the article we will be using.

So first we're going to need the names of the authors so here we have two authors we're going to need their surnames and their initials.

We're also going to need the year of publication the title of the article the journal title, the volume issue and page range.

Lastly we need the doi found here. So all of the information we need for our referencing is present on the first page of the journal.

Okay so let's see how this information can be used to format a reference for a journal article correctly in APA 7th.

So we've listed out all the information that we need here. Everything from the surname to the doi so now that we have all this information let's see how to format it correctly.

Here I've copied over the template from the APA 7th referencing guide for a journal article with two authors we're going to use. This as a point of reference because this is going to tell me how to lay out all of this information I found and in what order.

It's also going to give all of the required punctuation and spacing and other formatting that I need so every comma, full stop, capital, space, bracket and italic font [are] is all provided for me if I copy that template.

So let's see how this would look with the information we took off our journal. So here we are; notice the information appears in the exact same order and I've been careful to follow all the punctuation to match the libguide.

The next thing you want to do is create a list with your reference.

So first you want to format it so it's double spaced and then you want to create a hanging indent. A hanging indent refers to when the first line sits on the left margin but all subsequent lines are indented.

You can achieve this by the control or command T function in word. And a final reminder when conducting your reference list, the heading references should be in the center and in bold, your entries should be in alphabetical order based on the surnames, entries should be double spaced with no extra spacing between and should have a hanging indent and lastly, make sure all the works cited in text are in your list and all entries in your list are cited in text.

And that's it for this video. Thank you for watching and happy referencing.

Referencing articles, news agency websites APA 7th style (2:40)

Hello and welcome to this short video on how to reference online news articles in APA 7th.

To do this we'll need some specific pieces of information.

We'll need the author or author's name.

Next we'll need the date of publication or the latest update.

We'll need the title of the article, the title of the news agency and also the url.

So the format for the reference is found on the APA seventh libguide. Just note the url link should be live so the reader can access the article by clicking on it and going directly to the page and we want to use the most specific date possible for our entries.

So let's have a look at an example. Here we have a BBC News article, the individual who authored the article is here, the date of publication is below that, the title of the page is here and the title of the news agency is here. Lastly the url can be found right there so here I've compiled that information.

The next step is to use it to match the APA 7th formatting. So again here we have the format from that libguide and as you can see we've got an entry that matches that. We have the surname Murray a comma, followed by the first initial a and a full stop.

Next we have the year of publication in brackets and using this most specific date which is August 27 2020 followed by another full stop.

Next we have the title which is in italics in this case the title finishes with the question mark so that will take the place of the full stop. This is followed by the news agency title BBC News and another full stop before the url.

So this is what it would look like as a reference entry. Remember for APA 7th your references should be double spaced with a hanging indent where the first line aligns with the left margin and subsequent lines are indented. Note that you can use ctrl or command t to get that hanging indent quickly.

Lastly as a reminder make sure to use the heading references centred and in bold. Make sure your entries are in alphabetical order by the surname and that you're using double spacing without adding any extra spaces between entries and don't forget to make sure that you've concluded all the sources in text.

So we hope this video has been useful and happy referencing.