Reportable Publication Types

All publications must meet eligibility criteria for one of the publications types below, in addition to meeting the definition of research, as per the ERA Submission Guidelines.

Note: A research publication may only be claimed once, e.g. if a refereed conference paper is published in a volume of proceedings, and subsequently published in a journal, only one publication may be counted.

For further information on NTROs see FABL NTRO Committee – NTRO Standards

Researchers are also advised to read Choosing a Reputable Publisher, particularly in relation to book and book chapter publications.

Traditional Research Output Types

  • This must be a major work of scholarship, be offered for sale, have an ISBN, be written by a single author, or by joint authors who share responsibility for the whole book, and have been published by a commercial publisher or peer reviewed if published online only.
  • Types of books that may meet the criteria include: critical scholarly text (e.g. music, medieval or classical texts), new interpretations of historical events, new ideas or perspectives based on established research findings.
  • Scholarly editions and scholarly translations must have a major demonstrable original research component in the edition or translation to be considered for inclusion.
  • Types of books that are unlikely to meet the criteria include: textbooks, anthologies, edited books, creative works such as novels, manuals and handbooks, translations, revisions or new editions (unless they have a major demonstrable original research component).
  • This must be a contribution, consisting of substantially of new material, to an edited compilation in which the material is subject to editorial scrutiny. It must be in a book which is offered for sale, has an ISBN, and has been published by a commercial publisher, or peer reviewed if published online only.
  • Types of book chapters that may meet the criteria include:
    1. a scholarly introduction of chapter length to an edited volume, where the content of the introduction reports research and makes a substantial contribution to a defined area of knowledge
    2. a critical scholarly text of chapter length, e.g. in music, medieval or classical texts
    3. critical reviews of current research
  • A book chapter may be included if it has been published previously as long as it constitutes substantial new knowledge and constitutes original research.
  • Types of book chapters that must be excluded unless they meet all of the criteria for inclusion:
    1. chapters in textbooks
    2. entries in reference books
    3. anthologies
    4. revisions of chapters in edited books
    5. forewords, brief introductions, editorials or appendices
    6. literary or creative pieces such as collections of short stories
    7. translations (unless they have a major demonstrable original research component)
  • This must be a research article published in a scholarly peer reviewed journal with an ISSN.
  • Types of journal articles that may meet the criteria include:
    1. commentaries and communications of original research
    2. research notes
    3. critical scholarly texts which appear in article form
    4. articles reviewing multiple works or an entire field of research
    5. invited papers in journals
    6. articles in journals which are targeted to both scholars and professionals
  • Types of journal articles that do not meet the criteria include:
    1. letters to the Editor
    2. case studies
    3. articles designed to inform practitioners on existing knowledge in a professional field
    4. articles in newspapers and popular magazines
    5. editorials
    6. brief commentaries and communications of original research
    7. book reviews, or reviews of art exhibitions, concerts, theatre productions
  • Please note that only conference publications from IT and Engineering disciplines (endorsed by Dean or Director of Research) will be accepted.  Otherwise, conference publications will not be recorded in IRMA as research outputs
  • This must be a conference paper presented at a conference, workshop or seminar of national or international significance, and published in full in a volume of peer reviewed proceedings. An acceptable peer review process is one that involves an assessment, before publication, of the paper in its entirety by independent, qualified experts. Evidence of peer review (such as a statement in the preface to the proceedings or copies of the referees' reports) must be provided. A statement from an author that a research output was peer reviewed is not sufficient evidence.
  • A published abstract is not eligible for inclusion, nor is a paper accepted on the basis of peer review of the abstract only.
  • The full paper may be published in any of the following formats*: a volume of proceedings, a special edition of a journal, a normal issue of a journal, a book or a monograph, CD Rom or conference/organisation website. (* provided only one format of the publication is claimed)

Non-traditional Research Output Types

Includes visual artworks and installations, designs, music compositions and most CD recordings, choreography, plays and other creative writing, as described:

Visual art work
A research output such as a fine arts and crafts work, diagram, map, photographic image, sculpture or installation.

Design/architectural work
Realised, constructed, fabricated or unrealised building and design projects. "Unrealised" projects must have an output that provides evidence of the research involved.

Textual work
Written creative work that is not eligible to be submitted as a book or journal article, such as a novel or art review. Exhibition catalogues and catalogue entries should be submitted in this sub-category.

Other original creative works that do not fit the other research output types.

For live performance research outputs, the research output is the actual public performance. Examples include performance of a new work or innovative interpretation or production of an existing work of music, dance, or theatre.

For these, the research component is embodied in the process of recording, or rendering, itself (rather than in the performance), e.g. by use of innovative production or sound processing techniques.

Examples include:

Film or video.

Performances (in music, dance, theatre, etc.) that have been created specifically for a recorded medium.

Recorded/rendered creative works, often experimental, produced in association with other researchers in other disciplinary fields.

Digital creative work
Creative 3D models, including digital outputs of architectural and design projects, computer programs, games and visual artworks.

Website/web exhibition
These are eligible as recorded/rendered creative works if the eligible researcher is the creator of the creative works featured in the website. Curated web-based exhibitions of the creative work of others must be submitted as Curated or Produced Substantial Public Exhibitions and Events.

Other recorded/rendered creative works not listed above.

This category should be selected where the researcher was the curator of an exhibition, rather than the artist who created the artworks.

Web-based exhibition
The curation and/or production of an internet website presenting a collection of creative works where the internet is the medium of the exhibited works.

The curation and/or production of a collection of creative works exhibited together for the first time, in that particular arrangement, in a recognised gallery, museum, or event. This should be accompanied by a well-researched publication that includes the date and location of the exhibition.

The curation of a festival bringing together innovative work or existing works in an innovative format or through a theme that provides new perspectives and/or experiences.

Curated or substantial public exhibitions and events that do not fit into the above sub-categories of the Curated or Produced Substantial Public Exhibitions and Events research output type.

A Research Report for an External Body is a written research output commissioned or solicited by an external body such as a government department or private company. Sub-categories of Research Report for an External Body are as follows:

Public sector
A research report that has been undertaken for an Australian, state, territory, local, foreign or international government body or organisation.

A research report that has been undertaken for a company, industry organisation, industry peak body, or an employer/employee association.

A research report that has been undertaken for a body or organisation operating in the not-for-profit sector.

A research report undertaken for an organisation not covered by the above sub-categories.

A portfolio is a collection of research outputs from the same underlying research endeavour that on their own may not meet the definition of research, but when collected together have coherent research content and constitute a substantial body of work. All items within the portfolio must fall within an ERA reference period. The next ERA reference period is expected to be 2016 – 2021 (inclusive).