Professor Graham King

Research interests/backgroundpublicationsrefereed journals.

Graham King
Southern Cross Plant Science
Professor of Recombination & Crop Genomics

t: +61 2 6620 3410


BSc Hons in Botany (University of Manchester)
PhD in Botany (University of London)

Research interests/background

Professor Graham King has over 35 years post-doctoral research and research management experience, with a widely recognized international profile in crop plant genetics, genomics and related data management. He has made significant contributions to establishing genomic and experimental genetic resources, using these to resolve a wide range of phenotypic trait loci in horticultural and arable crops. He has led a range of international and national consortia, and worked closely with public and private sector breeders throughout his career. Current research interests are focused on mechanisms of plant epigenetics underlie interactions between plant genome and environment (GxE), recombination, and increasing the ease with which crop data may be integrated and navigated.

From 2012 to 2018 Graham was Director of Southern Cross Plant Science (SCPS) at Southern Cross University, where he is now a part-time Research Professor. With over 140 refereed publications, he is an Honorary Professor at the University of Nottingham (UK) and a Research Associate of Crops For the Future in Malaysia. Gaining his Ph.D from the University of London, he has held positions at Horticulture Research International and Rothamsted Research, and was a professor at the University of Warwick

Other roles:



  • Board member, Divseek International Network, 2019-2021
  • Head of SCU node, Divseek, 2016-2021
  • Honorary Adviser of International Macadamia Research & Development Center, Jan 2019 - Sept 2021
  • Member of the NSW DPI Medicinal Cannabis Project Operations Group 2018-2020
  • 2012-2018: Director, Southern Cross Plant Science, Southern Cross University
  • 2005-2011: Deputy director of Centre for Plant Genetic Improvement, Rothasmted Research, UK
  • 2004-2005: Professor, University of Warwick, UK
  • 1986-2004: Research leader, Horticulture Research International, previously Institute of Horticultural Research, UK
  • Member, Steering Committee for Australian Bioinformatics Commons Pathfinder project 2018-19
  • Research Theme Associate (Biotechnology & Breeding Systems), Crops For the Future Research Centre (CFFRC), Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia (2014-2019)
  • Chair, Multinational Brassica Genome Project Steering Committee (2017-20)
  • Head of SCU node, EMBL-ABR (2017-2019)
  • Chutian Professor Chair, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China (2012-2017)
  • Member, ARC Research Evaluation Committee, Biological & Biotechnological Sciences (2012)
  • SCU representative, Australian Council of Deans of Agriculture (2012-2016)



General readership articles

Pre-print Journals

Refereed Journals










  • Huang YJ Qi A,King GJ, Fitt BDL (2013) Assessing quantitative resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) in young plants. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084924

  • Shapter FM, Cross M, Ablett G, Malory S, Chivers IH,King GJ, Henry RJ (2013) High-throughput sequencing and mutagenesis to accelerate the domestication of Microlaena stipoides as a new food crop. PLoS ONE. 8:e82641. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082641

  • King GJ (2013) Genome Analysis. In: Biotechnology of Crucifers. Ed. S.K. Gupta. pp 91-109. Springer

  • Liu L, Waters DLE, Rose TJ, Bao J, King GJ (2013) Phospholipids in rice: Significance in grain quality and health benefits: A review. Food Chemistry. 139: 1133–1145

  • Amoah, S, Kurup, S, Rodriguez Lopez, C, Welham, S, Powers, S, Hopkins, C, Wilkinson, M, King, GJ 2012, A hypomethylated population of brassica rapa for forward and reverse epi-genetics, BMC Plant Biology12:193. DOI: 10.1186/1471- 2229-12-193 Download pdf

  • Stoute, A, Varenko,V, King,GJ, Scott, R, Kurup, S 2012, Parental genome imbalance in Brassica oleracea causes asymmetric triploid block, Plant Journal, 71, 503-516

  • Chapman, N, Bonnett, G, Grivet, L, Lynn, J, Graham, N, Smith, R, Guiping, S, Walley, P, Causse, M, King, GJ, Baxter C, Seymour GB. 2012, High Resolution Mapping of a Fruit Firmness-Related QTL in Tomato Reveals Epistatic Interactions Associated with a Complex Combinatorial Locus, Plant Physiology, 159(4), 1644-1657

  • LOVE, C, ANDONGABO, A, WANG, J, CARION, P, RAWLINGS, C, KING, GJ 2012, InterstoreDB: a generic integration resource for genetic and genomic data, Journal of Intergrative Plant Biology, 54(5), 345-355

  • WANG, J, HOPKINS, C, HOU, J, ZOU, X, WANG, C, LONG, Y, KURUP, S, KING, GJ, MENG, J 2012, Promoter variation and transcript divergence in brassicaceae lineages of flowering locus t, PLoS One 7(10): e47127. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047127

  • GELETA, M, HENEEN, W, STOUTE, A, MUTTUCUMARU, N, SCOTT, R, KING, GJ, KURUP, S, BRYNGELSSON, T 2012, Assigning Brassica microsatellite markers to the nine C-genome chromosomes using Brassica rapa var. trilocularis-B. oleracea var. alboglabra monosomic alien addition lines, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 125(3), 455- 466

  • Heenan, W, Geleta, M, Brismar, K, Xiong, Z, Pires, C, Hasterok, R, Stoute, A, Scott, R, King, G, Kurup, S (2012), Seed colour loci, homeology and linkage groups of the C genome chromosomes revealed in Brassica rapa-B. oleracea monosomic alien addition lines, Annals of Biology, 109(7), 1227-1242

  • RIOS, J, O'LOCHLAINN, S, DEVONSHIRE, J, GRAHAM, G, HAMMOND, J, KING, GJ, WHITE, P, KURUP, S 2012, Distribution of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the leaves of Brassica rapa under varying exogenous Ca and Mg supply., Annals Botany, 109, 1081-1089

  • GILKS, W, WELHAM, S, WANG, J, CLARK, S, KING, GJ 2012, Three-point appraisal of genetic linkage maps, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 1-10

  • Wang J, Liu K, King GJ, Meng J. (2011) Universal endogenous gene controls for bisulphite conversion in analysis of plant DNA methylation. Plant Methods. 7:39 doi:10.1186/1746-4811-7-39

  • Lochlainn SO, Amoah S, Graham NS, Alamer K, Rios JJ, Stoute A, Hammond JP, Kurup S, Østergaard L, King GJ, White PJ, Broadley MR (2011) High Resolution Melt (HRM) analysis is an efficient tool to genotype EMS mutants in complex crop genomes. Plant Methods. 7:43

  • Long Y, Xia W, Li R, Wang J, Shao M, Feng J,King GJ, Meng J. (2011) Epigenetic QTL mapping in Brassica napus. Genetics. 189: 1093-1102

  • Xiaowu Wang, Hanzhong Wang, Jun Wang...King.G et al. (2011). "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa." Nature Genetics 43(10):1035- 9. doi: 10.1038/ng.919

  • Boys, E, Roques, S, West, J, Werner C, King, G, Dyer, P, Fitt, B (2011) Effects of R gene-mediated resistance in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) on asexual and sexual sporulation of Pyrenopeziza brassicae (light leaf spot), Plant Pathology.

  • Hammond JP, Mayes S, Bowen HC, Graham NS, Hayden RM, Love CG, Spracklen WP, Wang J, Welham K J, White PJ,King GJ and Broadley MR (2011) "Regulatory hotspots are associated with plant gene expression under varying soil phosphorus (P) supply in Brassica rapa." Plant Physiology.

  • Huang YJ, Hood JR, Eckert MR, Stonard JF, Cools HJ, King GJ, Rossall S, Ashworth M, Fitt BDL (2011) Effects of fungicide on growth of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa in relation to development of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Plant Pathology.

  • Lochlainn S, Hammond JP, King GJ, White PJ, Young SD, Broadley MR (2011) Generation of non vernal-obligate, faster-cycling Noccaea caerulescens lines through fast neutron mutagenesis. New Phytologist 189:409-414

  • Lochlainn S, Bowen HC, Fray RG, Hammond JP, King GJ, White PJ, Graham NS, Broadley MR (2011)"Tandem quadruplication of HMA4 in the zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulator Noccaea caerulescens. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17814.

  • Wang J, Lydiate DJ, Parkin IAP, Falentin C, Delourme R, Carion P and King GJ.(2011)"Integration of Linkage Maps for the Amphidiploid Brassica napus, and Comparative Mapping with Arabidopsis and Brassica rapa." BMC Genomics 12: 101.

  • King GJ, Amoah S, Kurup S (2010) Exploring and Exploiting Epigenetic Variation in Crop Plants. Genome 53:856-868

  • Seymour GB, Ryder CD, Cevik V, Hammond JP, Popovich A, King GJ, Vrebalov J, Giovannoni JJ, Manning K (2010) A SEPALLATA gene is involved in the development and ripening of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) fruit, a non-climacteric tissue. J. Exp. Bot. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erq360

  • Chai, G., Bai, Z., Wei, F., J., K. G., Wang, C., Shi, L., Dond, C., Chen, H. and Lui,S.(2010) "Brassica GLABRA2 genes: analysis of function related to seed oil content and development of functional markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 120: 1597-1161

  • Xu J, Qian X, Wang X, Li R, Cheng X, Yang T, Fu J, Zhang S, King GJ, Wu J, Liu K (2010) Construction of an integrated genetic linkage map for the A genome of Brassica napus using SSR markers derived from sequenced BACs in B. rapa. BMC Genomics. 11:594

  • Love CG, Graham NS, Lochlainn S, Bowen HC, May ST, White PJ, Broadley MR, Hammond JP, King GJ (2010) A Brassica Exon Array for Whole-Transcript Gene Expression Profiling. PLOS One 5(9): e12812

  • Jaakola L, Poole M, Jones MO, Kmrinen-Karppinen T, Koskimki JJ, Hohtola A, Hggman H, Fraser P, Manning K, King GJ, Thomson H, Seymour GB (2010) A SQUAMOSA MADS-box gene involved in the regulation of anthocyanin accumulation in bilberry fruits. Plant Physiol. 153:1619-29

  • Stephenson P, Baker D, Girin T, Perez A, Amoah S, King GJ, Ostergaard L (2010) A rich TILLING resource for studying gene function in Brassica rapa. BMC Plant Biology 10:62

  • Broadley MR, O'Lochlainn S, Hammond JP, Bowen HC, Cakmak I, Eker S, Erdem H, King GJ, White PJ (2010) Shoot zinc (Zn) concentration varies widely within Brassica oleracea L. and is affected by soil Zn and phosphorus (P). J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 85:375-80

  • Szadkowski E, Eber F, Huteau V, Lod M, Huneau C, Belcram H, Coriton O, Manzanares-Dauleux M.J, Delourme R, King G.J, Chalhoub B, Jenczewski E., Chvre AM. (2010) The first meiosis of resynthesized Brassica napus, a genome blender. New Phytologist 186: 102-112

  • Cevik V, Ryder C, Popovich A, Manning K, King GJ, Seymour BG (2010) A FRUITFULL-like gene is associated with genetic variation for fruit flesh firmness in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Tree Genetics and Genomes 6:271-279

  • Allender C, King GJ (2010) Clarifying the Origins of the Amphiploid Species Brassica napus L. using Chloroplast and Nuclear Molecular Markers. BMC Plant Biology 10:54

  • White PJ, Hammond JP, King GJ, Bowen HC, Hayden RM, Meacham MC, Spracklen WP, Broadley MR (2009) Genetic Analysis of Potassium Use Efficiency in Brassica oleracea L. Ann. Bot.

  • Wang J, Wu B, Liu J, Jiang C, Long Y, Shi L,Zhao J, King G, Meng J (2009) The evolution of Brassica napus FLOWERING LOCUS T paralogues in the context of inverted chromosomal duplication blocks. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 9:271

  • Hammond JP, Broadley MR, White PJ, King GJ, Bowen HC, Hayden R, Meacham MC, Mead A, Overs T, Spracklen WP, Greenwood DJ (2009) Shoot yield drives phosphorus use efficiency in Brassica oleracea and correlates with root architecture traits. J Exp. Bot. 60:1953-1968

  • Huang Y-J, Pirie E, Evans N, Delourme R, King GJ, Fitt BDL (2009) Quantitative resistance to symptomless growth of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) in Brassica napus (oilseed rape). Plant Pathology. 58:314-323

  • Howell EC, Kearsey MJ, Jones GH, King GJ, Armstrong SJ (2008) A and C genome distinction and chromosome identification in Brassica napus by sequential FISH and GISH. Genetics. 180: 1849-1857

  • Wang N, Wang Y, Tian F, King GJ, Zhang C, Long Y, Shi L, Meng J. (2008) A functional genomics resource for Brassica napus: development of an EMS mutagenized population and discovery of FAE1 point mutations by TILLING. New Phytologist. 180:751-765

  • Alix K, Joets J, Ryder CD, Moore J, Barker GC, Bailey JP, King GJ, Heslop- Harrison JS. (2008) The CACTA transposon Bot1 played a major role in Brassica genome divergence and gene proliferation. The Plant Journal 56:1030-1044

  • Pink D, Bailey L, McClement S, Hand P, Mathas E, Buchanan-Wollaston V, Astley D, King G, Teakle G (2008) Doubled haploids, markers and QTL analysis in vegetable brassicas. Euphytica. 164: 509-514

  • Ostergaard L, King GJ (2008) Standardized gene nomenclature for the Brassica genus. Plant Methods. 4:10

  • Broadley MR, Hammond JP, King GJ, Astley D, Bowen HC, Meacham MC, Mead A, Pink DAC, Teakle GR, Hayden RM, Spracklen WP, White PJ (2008) Leaf-calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) concentrations differ between subtaxa, are highly heritable, and associate with potentially pleiotropic loci in Brassica oleracea. Plant Physiology 146:1707-1720

  • Seymour GB, Poole M, Manning K, King GJ (2008) The genetics and epigenetics of fruit development and ripening. Current Opinion in Plant Biology. 11:58-63

  • King, GJ (2007) Utilization of Arabidopsis and Brassica Genomic Resources to Underpin Genetic Analysis and Improvement of Brassica crops. In: Model Plants : Crop Improvement. Eds. R.K. Varshney & R.M.D. Koebner, CRC Press, Boca Ratan (FL), USA. pp33-69.

  • Choi SR, Teakle GR, Plaha P, Kim JH, Allender CJ, Beynon E, Piao ZY, Soengas P, Han TH, King GJ, Barker GC, Hand P, Lydiate DJ, Batley J, Edwards D, Osborn TC, Koo DH, Bang JW, Park B-S, Lim YP. (2007) The reference genetic linkage map for the Multinational Brassica rapa Genome Sequencing Project. Theor. Appl. Genet. 115:777-7922007; 115 (6)

  • Barker GC, Larson TR, Graham IA, Lynn JR, King GJ (2007) Novel Insights into Seed Fatty Acid Synthesis and Modification Pathways from Genetic Diversity and QTL Analysis of the Brassica C genome. Plant Physiology. 144: 1827-1842

  • Salathia, N, Lynn, JR, Millar AJ, King GJ (2007) Detection and Resolution of Genetic Loci Affecting Circadian Period in Brassica oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 114:683-692

  • Allender CJ, Allainguillaume J, Lynn JR and King GJ (2007) Chloroplast SSRs reveal uneven distribution of genetic diversity in C genome (n=9) Brassica species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 114: 609-618.

  • Manning K, Tor M, Poole M, Hong, Y., Thompson A, King GJ, Giovannoni JJ, Seymour GB. (2006) A naturally occurring epigenetic mutation in an SBP-box gene inhibits tomato fruit ripening. Nature Genetics.38:948-52

  • Kim, J.S., Chung T.Y., King, G.J., Jin, M., Jin, Y-M., Yang, T-J, Kim, H-I., Park, B-S. (2006). A sequence-tagged linkage map of Brassica rapa. Genetics. 174: 29-39

  • Allainguillaume J., Alexander M, Bullock JM, Saunders M, Allender C, King GJ, Ford C, Wilkinson MJ (2006) Fitness of hybrids between rapeseed (Brassica napus) and wild B. rapa in natural habitats. Molecular Ecology. 15:1175-1184

  • Alix, K, Ryder, C, Moore, King, GJ, Heslop-Harrison, JS. (2005) The genomic organization of retrotransposons in Brassica oleracea. Plant Molecular Biology. 59:839-851

  • Howell, E.C., Armstrong, S.J., Barker, G.C., Jones GH, King GJ, Ryder CD and Kearsey, M.J. (2005) Physical organisation of the major duplication on Brassica oleracea chromosome O6 revealed through fluorescence in situ hybridisation with Arabidopsis and Brassica BACs. Genome. 48(6): 1093-1103

  • Hall, NM, Griffiths, H, Corlett, J, Jones, H, Lynn, L. and King, GJ (2005) Relationships between water-use traits in Brassica oleracea L. resolved by quantitative genetic analysis. Plant Breeding, 124:557-564

  • King GJ (2004) Bioinformatics: Harvesting Information for Plant and Crop Science. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology. 15:721-731.

  • Cogan NOI, Newbury HJ, Oldacres AM, Lynn JR, Kearsey MJ, King GJ, Puddephat IJ (2004) Identification and characterisation of QTL controlling Agrobacterium- mediated stable and transient transformation in Brassica oleracea. Plant Biotechnology 2:59-69

  • Kop EP, Teakle GR, McClenaghan ER, Lynn J, King GJ (2003) Molecular genetic analysis of the bracting trait in cauliflower and broccoli. Plant Science 164:803-808

  • Seymour GB, Manning K, Eriksson E, Popovich AH, King GJ (2002) Genetic identification and genomic organisation of factors affecting fruit texture. J. Exp. Bot. 53: 2065-2077

  • Cevik, V. and King, G.J. (2002) Resolving the aphid resistance locus Sd-1 on a BAC contig within a sub-telomeric region of Malus linkage group 7. Genome 45: 939-945

  • Aranzana, M.J., Pineda, A., Cosson, P., Dirlewanger, E., Ascasibar, J., Cipriani, G., Ryder, C.D., Testolin, R., Abbott, A., King, G.J., Iezzoni, A.F. and Ars, P. (2003) A set of simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers covering the Prunus genome. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:819-825

  • Vicente, J.G., Taylor, J.D., Sharpe, A.G., Parkin, I.A.P., Lydiate, D.J., King, G.J. (2002) Inheritance of race specific resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in Brassica genomes. Phytopathology 92:1134-1141

  • Howell, EC, Barker, GC, Jones, GH, Kearsey, MJ, King, GJ, Kop, EP, Ryder, CD, Teakle, GR, Vicente, JG, Armstrong, SJ (2002) Integration of a cytogenetic map with a genetic linkage map of Brassica oleracea. Genetics 161:1225-34

  • Cogan, N.O.I., Lynn, J.R., King, G.J., Kearsey, M.J., Newbury, H.J. and Puddephat I.J. (2002) Identification of genetic factors controlling the efficiency of Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation in Brassica oleracea by QTL analysis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105:568-576

  • Parry, G., Marchant, A., May, S., Swarup, R., Swarup, K., James, N., Graham, N., Allen, T., Martucci, T., Yemm, A., Napier, R., Manning, K., King, G. and Bennett, M. (2001) Quick on the uptake: Characterisation of a family of plant auxin influx carriers. Plant Growth Regulation 20:217-225

  • Cevik, V. and King, G.J. (2002) High Resolution Genetic Analysis of the Sd-1 Aphid Resistance Locus in Malus spp. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:346-354

  • King, G.J. (2002) Through a Genome, Darkly: Comparative Analysis of Plant Chromosomal DNA. Plant Molecular Biology. 48:5-20

  • Sebastian RL, Kearsey MJ, King GJ (2002) Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci Controlling Developmental Characteristics of Brassica oleracea L. Theoretical & Applied Genetics 104: 601-609

  • Ryder CD, Smith LB, Teakle GR, King GJ (2001) Contrasting genome organisation: Two regions of the Brassica oleracea genome compared with collinear regions of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Genome 44 (5): 808-817

  • Tor M, Seymour GB, King GJ, Manning K, Thompson AJ, Jones G & Armstrong S (2002) FISH mapping on meiotic pachytene chromosomes of tomato localises the Cnr gene to the euchromatin of the long arm of chromosome 2. submitted to Theor. Appl. Genet 104:165-170

  • Wang, D., Kerbyson, D.J., King, G.J. & Nudd, G.R. (2001) Realistic image synthesis of plant structure for genetic analysis. Image & Vision Computing 19:517- 522

  • King, GJ, Lynn, JR, Dover, CJ, Evans, KM, Seymour, GB( (2001) Resolution of Quantitative Trait Loci for Mechanical Measures Accounting for Genetic Variation in Fruit Texture of Apple (Malus pumila Mill.) Theor. Appl. Genet. 102:1227-1235

  • Vicente, J.G., King, G.J. (2001) Characterisation of disease resistance gene-like sequences in Brassica oleracea L. Theor. Appl. Genet. 102: 555-563

  • Smith, LB, King, GJ (2000) The distribution of BoCAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the Cauliflower. Molecular Breeding 6: 603-613

  • Bettey, M., Finch-Savage, W., King,, GJ, Lynn , JR (2000) Quantitative genetic analysis of seed vigour and pre-emergence seedling growth traits in Brassica oleracea. New Phytologist 148: 277-286

  • King,G.J., Maliepaard, C., Lynn, J.R., Alston, F.H., Durel, C.E., Evans, K.M., Griffon, B., Laurens, F., Manganaris, A.G., Schrevens,E. & Tartarini, S. (2000) Quantitative Genetic Analysis and Comparison of Physical and Sensory Descriptors Relating to Fruit Flesh Firmness in Apple (Malus pumila Mill.) Theoretical & Applied Genetics, 100 (7): 1074-1084.

  • Joobeur, T., Periam, N., de Vicente, M.C., King, G.J. and Ars, P. (2000) Development of a second generation linkage map for almond using RAPD and SSR markers. Genome 43:649-655

  • Sosinski, B, Gannavarapu M, Hager L.D., Beck L.E., King G.J., Ryder, C.D., Rajapakse, S., Baird, W.V., Ballard, R.E., Abbott, A.G. (2000) Characterization of microsatellite markers in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch]. Theoretical & Applied Genetics 101, 421-428.

  • Sebastian, R.L., Howell, E.C., King, G.J., Marshall, D.F., Kearsey, M.J. (2000) An integrated AFLP and RFLP Brassica oleracea linkage map from two morphologically distinct doubled haploid mapping populations. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:75-81

  • King, G.J., Tartarini, S., Brown, L., Gennari, F., Sansavini, S. (1999) Introgression of the Vf source of scab resistance and distribution of linked marker alleles within the Malus gene pool. Theor. Appl. Genet. 99:1039-1046

  • Maliepaard, C, Alston, FH, van Arkel, G, Brown, LM, Chevreau, E, Dunemann, F, Evans, KM, Gardiner, S, Guilford, P, van Heusden, AW, Janse, J, Laurens, F, Lynn, JR, Manganaris AG, den Nijs, APM, Periam, N, Rikkerink, E, Roche, P, Ryder, C, Sansavini, S, Schmidt, H, Tartarini, S, Verhaegh, JJ, Vrielink-van Ginkel, M, King, GJ. (1998) Aligning male and female linkage maps of apple (Malus pumila Mill.) using multi-allelic markers. Theoretical & Applied Genetics. 97:60-73.

  • King, GJ, Alston, FH, Brown, LM, Chevreau, E, Evans, KM, Dunemann, F, Janse, J, Laurens, F, Lynn, JR, Maliepaard, C, Manganaris, AG, Roche, P, Schmidt, H, Tartarini, S, Verhaegh, J, Vrielink, R. (1998) Multiple field and glasshouse assessments increase the reliability of linkage mapping of markers flanking the Vf source of scab resistance in apple. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 96:699-708.

  • King GJ (1996) Progress of apple genetic mapping in Europe. HortSci 31:1108-1111

  • Roche, P.A., Alston, F.H., Maliepaard, C.A., Evans, K.M., Vrielink, R., Dunemann, F., Markussen, T., Tartarini, S., Brown, L.M., Ryder, C., King, G.J. (1996) RFLP and RAPD markers linked to the rosy leaf curling aphid resistance gene (Sd1) in apple. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 94:528-533

  • King, G.J. & Lynn, J.R. (1996) Constraints on mutability in a multi-gene family. Journal of Molecular Evolution. 41:732-740

  • King, G.J. (1995) Morphological development in Brassica oleracea is modulated by in vivo treatment with 5-azacytidine. Journal of Horticultural Science 70:333-342

  • King, G.J. (1994) Progress in mapping agronomic genes in apple. Euphytica 77:65-69

  • Brace, J., King, G.J. & Ockendon, D.J. (1994) A molecular approach to the identification of S-alleles in Brassica oleracea. Sexual Plant Reproduction 7: 203-208.

  • King, G.J. (1993). Stability, structure and complexity of yeast chromosome III. Nucleic Acids Research 21(18):4239-4245.

  • Brace, J., Ockendon, D.J. & King, G.J. (1993). Development of a method for identification of S-alleles in Brassica oleracea based on digestion of PCR- amplified DNA with restriction endonucleases. Sexual Plant Reproduction 6, 133- 138.

  • King, G.J., Alston F.H., Batlle, I., Chevreau, E., Gessler, C., Janse, J., Lindhout, P., Manganaris, A.G., Sansavini, S., Schmidt, H. & Tobutt, K.R. (1991). The European Apple Genome Mapping Project - developing a strategy for mapping genes coding for agronomic characters in tree species. Euphytica 56, pp 89-94.

  • King, G.J. (1990) Molecular Genetics and breeding of vegetable brassicas. Euphytica 50, pp 97-112.

  • Paterson, R.R.M., King, G.J. & Bridge, P.D. (1990) High resolution thermal denaturation studies on DNA from 14 Penicillium strains. Mycological Research 94, pp 152-156.

  • King, G.J. (1989) Plasmid analysis and variation in Pseudomonas syringae. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 67, pp 489-496

  • King, G.J. (1989). ELBAMAP: software for management of electrophoresis banding patterns. Computer Applications in the Biosciences 5: 313-317.

  • King, G.J. & Ingrouille, M.J. (1987). Genome heterogeneity and classification of the Poaceae. New Phytologist 107, 633-644.

  • King, G.J. & Ingrouille, M.J. (1987). DNA base composition heterogeneity in the grass genus Briza L., Genome 29, pp 621-644

  • King, G.J. (1986). A taxometric analysis of seed proteins in the genus Briza L., (Poaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 151, pp 163-174.

Review Articles

  • King, G.J. (1994). The role of DNA methylation in modulation of floral initiation. Flowering Newsletter 18:21-25.

  • King, G.J. (1992). Mapping genes in apple: the future for molecular- aided breeding. Outlook in Agriculture 21: 163-168.

Proceedings of conferences, societies, workshops, etc.


  • King, G. J. (2011). The contribution of genomic approaches to resolving genotype x environment interactions in Brassica crops. 17th Australian Research Assembly on Brassicas (ARAB) Wagga Wagga, NSW.

  • Broadley MR, Hammond JP, King GJ, Bowen HC, Hayden R, Spracklen WP, Lochlainn S, White PJ (2009) "Biofortifying Brassica with calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg)" (September 15, 2009). The Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition Colloquium XVI. Paper 1256.

  • Popovich, A.H., Eriksson, E., King, G.J., Seymour, G.B. (2003) The role of FRUITFULL-like genes in fleshy fruit. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology A 132 :S93-S100.

  • King, G.J. (2003) Using molecular allelic variation to understand domestication processes and conserve diversity in Brassica crops. Acta Horticulturae 598:181-186

  • Rana D, van den Boogaart T, Beckett P, Barker G, Dowling A, Wang X-Y, Clissold L, Langford S, Naylor R, Patel D, Beynon J, King G, Scott R, Kearsey M, Trick M and Bancroft I. (2001) The UK Brassica Genome Project. Proc. International Symposium on Plant Cell Technology for Molecular Breeding, S. Korea.

  • Wang, D., Kerbyson, D.J., King, G.J. & Nudd, G.R. (2000) Computational algorithms for phenotyping plant structure. Proceedings of Chinese Automation and Computer Science Conference in UK, Loughborough, Sept 2000 (CACSCUK'2000). ISBN: 0 9533890 3 0

  • Cevik V & King G.J. (2000) Molecular genetic analysis of the Sd-1 aphid resistance locus in Malus. Acta Horticulturae 538: 553-559

  • Vicente, J.G., Conway, J., King, G.J., Taylor, J.D. (2000) Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in Brassica spp. Acta Horticulturae 539:61- 67

  • Armstrong,SJ, Howell, EC, Fransz, P., Jones, GH, Kearsey, MJ, King, GJ, Kop, E, Ryder, CD, Teakle, GR and Vicente, JG (2000) Integrating the genetic and physical chromosome maps of Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra. Acta Horticulturae 539:77-82

  • Massie,I.H, Astley,D., King,G.J & Ingrouille,M. (1999) Patterns of ecogeographic variation in the Italian landrace cauliflower and broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. and var. italica Plenck). In S. Andrews, A.C. Leslie and C.Alexander (Eds) Taxonomy of Cultivated Plants, 3rd International Symposium, 443-445 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Maliepaard, C., Vrielink, R., van Heudsen, S., Verhaegh, J., Janse, J., den Nijs, A., Brown, L., Ryder, C., Periam, N., Lynn, J., King, G.J., Roche, P., Evans, K., Alston, F., Tartarini, S., Sansavini, S., Dunemann, F., Schmidt, H., Chevreau, E., Laurens, F., Manganaris, A., Gardiner., S. (1999) The European Apple Map. Acta Horticulturae 484:324-330

  • Roche, P., Brown, L.M., King, G.J., Alston, F.H., Evans, K.M., Maliepaard, C., van Heudsen, S., Vrielink, R., Laurens, F., Dunemann, F., Markussen, T. & Tartarini, S. (1999) Identification and development of markers linked to aphid resistance in apple. Acta Horticulturae 484:519-522

  • King, G.J, Brown, L., Ryder, C. & Periam, N. (1998) Microsatellite markers for accession identification, pedigree analysis and assessment of allelic diversity in Malus genetic resources. In. Report of a Working Group on Malus/Pyrus, Dublin 15-17 May 1997: 82-89. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome.

  • Massie, I.H., Astley, D. & King, G.J. (1996) Patterns of genetic diversity and relationships between regional groups and populations of Italian landrace cauliflower and broccoli. (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. and var. italica Plenck) Acta Horticulturae, 407:45-53

  • King, G.J. (1996) Fruit genetics and new varieties: capitalising on results from the European Apple Genome Mapping Project. In East Malling Research Association Members' Day Report - October 1996 'Plant Genetic Improvement'. pp13- 14. HRI, East Malling

  • King, G.J. (1996) Harmonising and defining descriptors for genetic studies. In. European Malus Germplasm, Proceedings of a Workshop, Wye, 21st-25th June. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome: 91-95.

  • King, G.J. & Hyne, V. (1995) The 'Core-Store for Malus' database and application. Proceedings of a Workshop, Wye, 21st-25th June. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome: 48-49.

  • Case, H., King, G.J. & Hyne, V. (1995) The Core-Store for Malus relational database. In: Standardization in plant genetic resources documentation, Report of the 2nd technical meeting of focal points for documentation in East European genebanks., Eds. T.J.L. van Hintum, M.W.M. Jongen & T. Hazekamp. Centre for Genetic Resources, The Netherlands (CGN), Wageningen, The Netherlands. pp.49- 50.

  • Roberts, L., Reeves, C., Steele, N. & King, G.J. (1995) Training neural networks to identify coding regions in genomic DNA. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Medical & Biological Signal Processing, University of Plymouth September 1-2, Ed. E.C.Ifeachor, ISBN 0-905 227 433, pp107-112.

  • Roberts, L., Reeves, C., Steele, N. & King, G.J. (1995) Training neural networks to identify coding regions in genomic DNA. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Cambridge, June 1995. IEE Conference publication 409: pp399-403.

  • King, G.J. (1992). Strategy and techniques for mapping horticultural genomes. Phytoparasitica 20: 93S-97S.

  • King, G.J. (1988) A DNA fingerprinting system for phytopathogenic pseudomonads. Med Fac Landbouww 53: 1679-1684.

Online media

  • King, G. (2013), "Epigenetics in agriculture", in Henry, R. (ed.), Agricultural Genetics: Understanding and improving plants and animals for food and agriculture, The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks Ltd, London.

Lecture abstracts

  • Finch-Savage WE, King GJ, Lynn JR (2004) Genetic analysis of seed vigour in Brassica oleracea L/ Comparative Biochem Physiol. Part A 137 S199-S221. (SEB Annual meeting, Heriot-Watt, Edinburgh, Apr 2004)

  • King, G.J. (2003) Brassica genetics and genomics : from model to crops. International Summer School, 'The analysis of natural variation within crop and model plants', Wageningen University 22-25 April. invited lecture

  • King, G.J. (2003) Quantitative Genetic Analysis in Brassica Crops. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology 134 A S118. (invited lecture SEB conference)

  • Broadley MR, King GJ, White PJ (2003) Advances in the Phytoremediation of radionuclide-contaminated soils: a UK perspective. International Applied Phytotechnologies Conference, Chicago.

  • King GJ (2002) Genomics and the improvement of Brassica crops. Keynote speaker, "Genotype-Phenotype: Narrowing the Gaps" AAB conference, Cirencester Dec 16-18

  • King GJ (2002) Characterising functional loci in the Brassica C genome. 3rd Annual UK-BRC and GARNet functional genomics meeting. Sept 17-18 2002, York

  • King GJ (2002) Invited speaker, Gordon Conference on PostHarvest Physiology, Aug 2002

  • Finch-Savage WE, Bettey M, King GJ, Lynn JR (2002) Genetic analysis of seed vigour in Brassica oleracea. 7th International workshop on seeds, 12-16 May 2002, Salamanaca, Spain.

  • King, G.J. (2002) The UK Brassica Genome Project. 13th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, March 2002, Davis, CA.

  • King, G.J. (2002) The UK Brassica Genome Project. Brassica workshop, Plant Animal Genome X, San Diego, CA.

  • Armstrong, SJ, Howell, EC, Jones GH, Kearsey MJ, Ryder CD, King GJ (2001) Integrating the genetic and physical chromosome maps of Brassica oleracea. Brassica workshop, Plant & Animal Genome Conference, San Diego.

  • Vicente, JG,.Conway, J; King, GJ, Taylor, JD (2000).Resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. Campestris in Brassica spp. 3rd International ISHS Symposium on Brassicas and 12th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Sept 2000.

  • Armstrong, SJ, Howell, EC,.Fransz, P, Jones, GH, Kearsey, MJ, King, GJ, Ryder, CD, Vicente, JG. (2000) Integrating the molecular cytogenetic and genetic maps in Brassica oleracea. 3rd International ISHS Symposium on Brassicas and 12th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Sept 2000.

  • Puddephat, I, Cogan N.O.I. Robinson H.T., Pink D.A.C., Barbara D., Higgins J., King G.J, Kearsey M.J. and Newbury H.J. (2000) Genetic constraints to the transformation of Brassica oleracea. 3rd International ISHS Symposium on Brassicas and 12th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Sept 2000.

  • Invited lecture, 3rd International ISHS Symposium on Brassicas and 12th Crucifer Genetics Workshop, Sept 2000. Genomic organisation and sequence analysis of replicated loci in Brassica oleracea Invited lecturer, Plant & Animal Genome VIII International Conference, San Diego, Jan 2000, workshop on Brassicas: "Genomic Organisation and Sequence Analysis of Replicated Loci in B.oleracea"; & Fruit Trees workshop on "Approaches to physical mapping of qualitative and quanititative genes in apple". Invited lecture on comparative genomics, BBSRC/NERC workshop on "Gene-flow in plants and microbes" ; Invited presenter, BBSRC GAIT/IGF joint programme meeting 'Brassica functional genomics', Nottingham April 2000

  • King, G.J. (2000) Characterisation of the genes controlling apical meristem and inflorescence development in vegetable brassicas. Invited lecture, Society for Experimental Biology Meeting, Exeter, March 2000. Plant Architecture Session

  • King, G.J., M.J. Bennett, S. May, G. McEwan, C.D. Ryder, A. Sarjeant, L.B. Smith, G.R. Teakle (1999) Comparing genetic and physical organisation of gene families affecting plant development within Brassica and Arabidopsis. 10th International Rapeseed Congress, Canberra, Australia, Sept, 1999. Invited speaker, Genome Workshop.

  • King, G.J. (1997) Opportunities for Gene Mapping in Horticultural species. Invited lecture to 1st HRI conference on Environmental and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops, Oct 30/31, 1997

  • King, G.J. (1997) Consolidation and exploitation of the European Apple Map. Invited lecture to the Fruit Tree Workshop, Plant & Animal Genome V, San Diego, Jan 15th 1997.

  • King, G.J. (1996) Weizmann Institute of Science on (a) "Genome compartmentalisation: base composition and beyond" and (b) "Comparative Genomic approaches to studying the constraints on DNA sequence variation and construction".

  • King, G.J. (1996) Crop-Store: Database development for combined management of genetic resource, mapping and breeding research. Lecture to Eucarpia Genetic Resources meeting on Genetic Resource Documentation: the users perspective, Budapest, Oct 18th, 1996.

  • King, G.J. (1996) 'Progress in Genetic Mapping of Apple', CEC "Concerted Action Group on Fruit Tree transformation", Lisbon

  • King, G.J. (1995) Progress of Apple Genetic Mapping in Europe. invited lecture to 92nd Annual Meeting of the American Horticultural Society, July 30th - August 2nd, Montreal. HortScience 30:749

  • King, G.J. (1993). Progress in mapping agronomic genes in apple. invited lecture Eucarpia Fruit Breeding Section Meeting. Wadenswil, Switzerland. August 30th - September 3rd 1993.

  • King, G.J. (1992). Developing a strategy for mapping agronomic genes in apple. Invited contribution to NERC Tree Biotechnology Liaison Group meeting - Cambridge, April 1992.

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