Models of WIL
Models of WIL partly reflect disciplinary traditions. Practicums, placements and simulations are usual in Education and Health Sciences. In Business, internships and cooperative education are more typical. WIL program structures may also vary. For example, WIL can be organised as solid 'blocks' of time, or a day a week over a set period, either spread out over a course, or in a 'capstone' unit at the end of a degree.
A key difference is whether the aim is to prepare students for paid work after a tertiary course, or to support learners who are already working in a field and studying concurrently in the same field.
The table below expands on these distinctions in types of WIL programs by providing some common examples.