Unit description

This course covers legal protections of marine wildlife and biodiversity under international, Australian and U.S. law. There will be a focus on attempts to prevent whaling, particularly in the Southern Ocean. Another aspect of the course will be an analysis of the limits to protection imposed by international trade law, and the course will also consider legal and policy responses to human-created environmental threats to marine animal life. Finally, the class will explore development issues and the role of multilateral institutions and trade agreements in both the exploitation and protection of marine wildlife.

Unit content

  1. Threats to marine animals - pollution, exploitation and habitat destruction.
  2. Protection in Australian waters
    • marine reserves and species and threat management.
  3. International treaty law and institutions.
  4. Delimitation of maritime boundaries.
  5. Primary Australian legislation for the protection of marine animals
  6. The role of policy in the protection of marine animals.
  7. Case study in the law and politics of marine animal protection and Japan's scientific whaling in the southern oceans Humane Society International Inc v Kyodo Senpaku Kaisha Ltd [2008] FCA 3
  8. Further case studies on marine animal protection litigation.

Learning outcomes

Unit Learning Outcomes express learning achievement in terms of what a student should know, understand and be able to do on completion of a unit. These outcomes are aligned with the graduate attributes. The unit learning outcomes and graduate attributes are also the basis of evaluating prior learning.

Learning outcomes and graduate attributes

Teaching and assessment


Intensive offerings may or may not be scheduled in every session. Please refer to the timetable for further details.

Southern Cross University employs different teaching methods within units to provide students with the flexibility to choose the mode of learning that best suits them. SCU academics strive to use the latest approaches and, as a result, the learning modes and materials may change. The most current information regarding a unit will be provided to enrolled students at the beginning of the study session.

Fee information


Commonwealth Supported courses
For information regarding Student Contribution Amounts please visit the Student Contribution Amounts.
Commencing 2014 Commonwealth Supported only. Student contribution band: 3

Fee paying courses
For POSTGRADUATE or UNDERGRADUATE full fee paying courses please check Domestic Postgraduate Fees OR Domestic Undergraduate Fees


Please check the international course and fee list to determine the relevant fees.