Conservation of rare inshore dolphins in Australia
The Australian snubfin dolphin and humpback dolphin species are some of our rarest mammals with estimates of fewer than 10,000 of each species living in Australia. They live in small populations generally of about 100 individuals mainly in tropical/subtropical waters, and often in areas impacted by tourism and under threat from industry. Both species are characterised by low genetic diversity, low rate of reproduction and dependency on coastal habitats rendering them particularly susceptible to external threats. In some locations along the Queensland coast, there are indications of considerable population declines. Given the geographic range for these species extends only as far of Papua New Guinea the protection in Australia is critical for the long term survival of both species.